El “giro especulativo” (The Speculative Turn)

por Erich Luna

Continental philosophy has entered a new period of ferment. The long deconstructionist era was followed with a period dominated by Deleuze, which has in turn evolved into a new situation still difficult to define. However, one common thread running through the new brand of continental positions is a renewed attention to materialist and realist options in philosophy. Among the current giants of this generation, this new focus takes numerous different and opposed forms. It might be hard to find many shared positions in the writings of Badiou, DeLanda, Laruelle, Latour, Stengers, and Zizek, but what is missing from their positions is an obsession with the critique of written texts. All of them elaborate a positive ontology, despite the incompatibility of their results. Meanwhile, the new generation of continental thinkers is pushing these trends still further, as seen in currents ranging from transcendental materialism to the London-based speculative realism movement to new revivals of Derrida. As indicated by the title The Speculative Turn, the new currents of continental philosophy depart from the text-centered hermeneutic models of the past and engage in daring speculations about the nature of reality itself. This anthology assembles authors, of several generations and numerous nationalities, who will be at the center of debate in continental philosophy for decades to come.


Ha salido en estos días un libro esencial para tener una primera aproximación sería al “movimiento filosófico” contemporáneo denominado realismo especulativo (el otro texto es el taller del que hablé aquí). Se trata de una compilación de ensayos hecha por Levi Bryant, Nick Srnicek y Graham Harman que lleva por título The Speculative Turn. Continental Materialism and Realism. Excelente manera de empezar el año, en lo que a publicaciones filosóficas interesantes se refiere.

El índice del libro muestra la amplitud y variedad de temas, autores y aproximaciones sobre dicho giro.


1 Towards a Speculative Philosophy – Levi Bryant, Nick Srnicek and Graham Harman

2 Interview – Alain Badiou and Ben Woodard

3 On the Undermining of Objects: Grant, Bruno, and Radical Philosophy – Graham Harman

4 Mining Conditions: A Response to Harman – Iain Hamilton Grant

5 Concepts and Objects – Ray Brassier

6 Does Nature Stay What-it-is?: Dynamics and the Antecendence Criterion – Iain Hamilton Grant

7 Against Speculation, or, A Critique of the Critique of Critique: A Remark on Quentin Meillassoux’s After Finitude (After Colletti) – Alberto Toscano

8 Hume’s Revenge: À Dieu, Meillassoux? – Adrian Johnston

9 Radical Atheist Materialism: A Critique of Meillassoux – Martin Hägglund

10 Anything is Possible: A Reading of Quentin Meillassoux’s After Finitude – Peter Hallward

11 The Speculative and the Specific: On Hallward and Meillassoux – Nathan Brown

12 Capitalism and the Non-Philosophical Subject – Nick Srnicek

13 Drafting the Inhuman: Conjectures on Capitalism and Organic Necrocracy – Reza Negarestani

14 Is it Still Possible to be a Hegelian Today? – Slavoj Žižek

15 Potentiality and Virtuality – Quentin Meillassoux, translated by Robin Mackay

16 The Generic as Predicate and Constant: Non-Philosophy and Materialism – François Laruelle, translated by Taylor Adkins

17 The Ontic Principle: Outline of an Object-Oriented Ontology – Levi R. Bryant

18 The Actual Volcano: Whitehead, Harman, and the Problem of Relations – Steven Shaviro

19 Response to Shaviro – Graham Harman

20 Reflections on Etienne Souriau’s Les différents modes d’existence – Bruno Latour, translated by Stephen Muecke

21 Outland Empire: Prolegomena to Speculative Absolutism – Gabriel Catren, translated by Taylor Adkins

22 Wondering about Materialism – Isabelle Stengers

23 Emergence, Causality and Realism – Manuel DeLanda

24 Ontology, Biology, and History of Affect – John Protevi

25 Interview – Slavoj Žižek and Ben Woodard


El libro está publicado por Re.Press y puede comprarse o descargarse gratuitamente en formato pdf. Creo que, además del contenido y de los autores que colaboran en este libro (que ya es valioso de por sí), el hecho de que sea haya publicado a través de esta editorial y que pueda descargarse me parece un síntoma de una nueva manera de pensar la publicación y difusión de los libros, sin perder el rigor propio del quehacer intelectual y académico.

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Ahora ya no hay excusa para no leer (salvo el no saber inglés :().